Experience the art of felting fiber, and turn wool into something beautiful. Felt is probably one of the most ancient of techniques used to make cloth from animal fibers. Felting occurs when wool is immersed in warm and soap and agitation are applied. The warm water opens up the scales on the individual wool fibers, the soap and agitation help move the fibers closer together, and as the fiber cools (or is put in cold water) the scales and the wool fibers become permanently interlocked. Discover what a fun and creative process making felt is with this free eBook. With a bit of wool, warm water, wool-safe soap, and some towels, you’ll be ready to start making felt in one of the fastest, free-form ways you can imagine.
Fiber preparation is key to producing good felt and this guide uncovers the three most common types of preparations available to those working with wool. Deepen your understanding of how fiber felts, different techniques for making fabric from wool, and how the type of wool affects the final appearance and durability of the felted project.
How to Felt Wool
How it Felts by Robin Russo
Robin Russo wasn’t inspired to start felting until she saw the amazing work of Bethe Beede, and then, noting that her closets were overflowing with leftover fleeces from various spinning projects, she suddenly could see the possibilities in all of the leftovers. Learn techniques and methods for felting various types of wool and be inspired by Robin’s experience in exploring the creative possibilities of abundant fleeces.
Working with Felt Fiber: Project 1
Pom-Pom Bunny by Mary Ellen D’Aurizio
This is a great project for those new to spinning to learn some of the basics of how to work with wool. After completing this bunny, you will have a working knowledge of the staple length of wool as well as drafting and wet-felting techniques for felting fiber.
Working with Felt Fiber: Projects 2 and 3
Bowled Over by M’Lyn Walther and Spinning for Felted Bowls by Ronnie Cox
M’Lyn Walther discovered knitting with unspun roving and handspun yarns when she became crazed with making felted bowls and baskets. Fill them with plants, small fruits, decorative squash, candy, nuts, dried flowers, skeins of handspun yarn, hot or cold dishes, or a fresh bouquet in a glass jar. These bowls are also great for holding knitting projects; spinners can attach a bowl to a stick and use it as a distaff.
Felting a knitted piece is easier if the yarns are spun with a lot of loft, so Ronnie Cox uses a long draw spinning technique with little twist. She also likes to use wools like Merino and Targee that take dye and felt well. Learn how to make felted yarn in your washing machine as well as methods for preparing, plying, and dyeing your yarn to create a woven texture in these fun, colorful baskets.
Working with Felt Fiber: Project 4
Spaced-Out Felted Scarf by Jane Patrick
Jane designed this scarf for the Weave-a-Scarf-in-a-Day workshop she taught at the the National Needlework Association conference in Long Beach, CA, in January 2008. This project is easy for beginners, but has appeal to more seasoned weavers as well. The basic idea: spaced warps and wefts are woven in an open weave to create a grid. The scarf is then felted in the washing machine. Jane loves the way felting makes a fabric that is interesting and never the same from one end of the scarf to the other. Believe it or not, she designed, warped, and wove this scarf in an evening—and threw it into the wash as she went to bed.
Working with Felt Fiber: Project 5
Making a Needlefelted Doll by Laura Burch
To needlefelt is to sculpt with wool. Your tools are sharp, barbed needles that permanently interlock the wool fibers each time you push them through
the surface of the wool. Laura Burch demonstrates the art of the technique with a simple project that’s fun for kids and adults alike.
This fiber felting tutorial download is an essential resource.
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